RECYCLING IN MANITOBA - CANADA
The Canadian province of Manitoba is five years into its recycling plan, with recycling continuing to increase and costs to local government remaining modest. However, Manitoba will not meet its overall target to reduce waste to landfill to 50 per cent of 1990 levels by 2000.
ln 1999, the Manitoba Product Stewardship Corporation (MPSC) recycled 35,452 tonnes of material. Around 41 per cent of all materials collected from households was recycled. Recycling in Winnipeg remained static over the year, but in other areas of Manitoba the recovery level increased by 20 per cent.
Currently 160 of Manitoba's 202 municipal corporations and another six non- municipal communities are registered with recycling schemes. Around 95 per cent of the population now have access to some form of recycling service.
The MPSC uses an incentive-based funding system to provide financial support to community recycling programmes. These municipal recycling support payments are directly related to the amount of material a community recycles.
Approximately C$4.68 million was paid to registered participants in 1999/2000. Since 1995, more than C$19.2 million dollars has been invested. The average cost of recycling one tonne of material was $193 (see Table 1). Municipalities with lower recovery rates tend to have higher costs. The larger the amount of total materials collected by a municipality, the more the fixed costs can be spread out.
The following factors are true for communities with the most successful recycling programmes:
MPSC places a strong focus on promotion and education programmes including regular competitions involving schools, and a website. For instance, a new programme called the Student Action Plan for Recycling Plus has been launched to extend recycling to schools and colleges.
Manitoba's municipal recycling programmes are diverting significant quantities of materials from disposal facilities (see Table 2), although the province's overall target of reducing waste to landfill by 50 per cent will not be met.
Although 95 per cent of Manitobans have access to recycling programmes, some do not, especially in the Northern region.
During the last financial year, two recycling programmes closed down temporarily. One stopped while recycling contractors were changed and the programme was restructured; another failed due to an old, inadequate recycling facility.
ln all, 35,000 tonnes were recycled last year, a figure which included only materials collected, processed and marketed, and excluded residue - the small proportion of collected goods which cannot be recycled such as contaminated paper or certain types of plastics.
On average, Manitoban's recycled 30 kg per capita last year: 61 per cent of aluminium cans were recycled, and 41 per cent of PET (polyethylene terephthalate) containers.
For more information on the work of the Manitoba Product Stewardship Corporation, contact the MPSC at:
380-530 Kenaston Boulevard
Canada R3N IZ4
Fax: (Int+ I ) 204 989 6229