An interesting profile from Deutsche Welle agency.

Separating packaging from trash is no easy matter. Some people say no one likes to separate their trash as much as Germans — even troops stationed in Afghanistan are reported to separate their rubbish. It‘‘s a characteristic that pleases trash management companies.

Separating trash for recycling is no easy matter. For one thing, it‘‘s sometimes difficult discerning whether the trash in your hand is actually packaging, glass, paper, hazardous or organic waste. What bin do you use when packaging includes both cardboard and plastic?

But after you‘‘ve gone through the trouble of washing your hands of your many types of rubbish, you can at least know it‘‘s worth it — economically, as well as for the planet.

Dealing in trash makes good business sense. Waste management has become a major industry in Germany — with 250,000 employees in the sector, and the rubbish people throw away also generates turnover of 50 billion euros ($67.7 billion).

So what‘‘s the point?

“I do try to recycle,” said one woman. “I put paper in the blue recycling bin, yoghurt containers and tin foil in the yellow bins for packaging, and we also recycle bottles.”

Yellow bags hopefully carrying Bildunterschrift: Großansicht des Bildes mit der Bildunterschrift: Yellow bags hopefully carrying “Green Dot” packaging Another woman said she‘‘s made a conscious choice not to throw plastic in the packaging recycling bin.

“You‘‘re supposed to clean out yoghurt containers, but that uses a lot of water, and I don‘‘t think it‘‘s a good idea to waste so much,” she said. “Besides, people say anyway that everything is thrown back together again and then burned at the incineration plant.”

In the western German city of Cologne, for example, the packaging thrown into recycling bins lands in the hands of Remondis, a collection company, then taken to a facility, where the so-called “DSD” trash is sorted. Visiting the Remondis plant, you‘‘ll find a mound of trash consisting of yoghurts cups, plastic wrapping and aluminum cans.

DSD stands for Duales System Deutschland (Dual System Germany), a company established in 1990. In 1991, a special German packaging ordinance came into force and required product manufacturers and vendors to take back packaging once the products have been used and arranged for their recycling. DSD organizes this system.

How to sort your rubbish in the Berlin subway? Bildunterschrift: Großansicht des Bildes mit der Bildunterschrift: How to sort your rubbish in the Berlin subway?

Packaging marked what is called the Grüner Punkt or green dot is part of this system. Only packaging with the green dot is supposed to be placed either in special yellow plastic bags placed outside for pickup, or placed in yellow recycling containers.

Refuse companies say that in international comparisons, Germans are number one in recycling their packaging. But the figures are disputed.

According to DSD, largely a monopoly in the recycling sector, each consumer in Germany recycles around 76 kilograms (167 pounds) of packaging a year. Critics say that translates into about 30 items of packaging per day, which they claim is unrealistic. They estimate that on the average, each person recycles around 26 kilograms of DSD trash annually.

What‘‘s a recyclable wrapping?

But does everyone separate properly? Do they put only “green dot” product wrappings in the yellow bags and boxes? Jürgen Lennertz, director of the Remondis plant in Cologne, said that “people throw from 30 to 50 percent of packaging without the green dot into the yellow containers.”

What is thrown in there is everything

Ano da Publicação:
WARMER BULLETIN ENEWS #21-2006-May 25, 2006
Kit Strange/Warmer Bulletin
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